Christmas Vocabulary

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Advent

the arrival of someone or something important

Angel

a spiritual being acting as a messenger of God (usually shown as a human being with wings)

Berry

a small round fruit

Bethlehem

the small town in the Middle East believed to be the birthplace of Jesus Christ

Candle

a cylinder of wax with a central wick (like string) which burns to produce light

Chimney

a vertical pipe in a house that allows smoke and gases to escape from a fireplace (Father Christmas traditionally enters a house through its chimney)

Christ

the title of Jesus (also used as His name)

Christian

a person who believes in Christianity; also an adjective

Christianity

the religion based on the teachings and person of Jesus Christ

Christmas

the annual Christian festival celebrating the birth of Jesus Christ (Christmas Day is on 25 December)

Christmas cake

a rich fruit cake covered with white icing, eaten at Christmas

Christmas card

a greetings card that people send to friends and family at Christmas

Christmas carol

a religious song or popular hymn that people sing at Christmas

Christmas Day

25 December, the birthday of Jesus Christ

Christmas Eve

the evening or day before Christmas Day (24 December)

Christmas holidays

the holiday period for about a week before and after Christmas Day

Christmas present

a gift or present given at Christmas

Christmas tree

an evergreen tree (often a spruce) that people decorate with lights and ornaments at Christmas

Cracker

a decorated paper tube that makes a sharp noise ("crack!") and releases a small toy when two people pull it apart

Decoration

something that adds beauty; ornament

 

 

Father Christmas

an imaginary being who brings presents for children on the night before Christmas Day (also known as Santa Claus) – traditionally an old man with a red suit and white beard

Fireplace

a partly enclosed space in a house where people light a fire for warmth

Frankincense

a gum used for incense, one of the gifts that the three wise men gave to Jesus

Gold

a yellow precious metal, one of the gifts that the three wise men gave to Jesus

Holly

an evergreen plant with prickly dark green leaves and red berries

Jesus

the name of Christ, the central figure of Christianity (believed by Christians to be the Son of God)

Joseph

the husband of Mary (the mother of Jesus)

Magi

the wise men from the East who brought gifts for the baby Jesus

Manger

a trough for food for horses or cattle (used by Mary as a cradle or bed for Jesus)

Mary

the mother of Jesus

Mistletoe

a parasitic plant with white berries, traditionally used as a Christmas decoration

Myrrh

a gum used for perfume or incense, one of the gifts that the three wise men gave to Jesus

Nativity

the birth of a person

 

 

Nativity play

a play that people perform at Christmas based on the birth of Jesus

New Year

the start of a year; the period just before and after 1 January

New Year's Day

1 January

New Year's Eve

31 December

Ornament

an object that adds beauty to something; a decoration

Present

a thing given to somebody as a gift.

Reindeer

a deer with large antlers found in some cold climates (believed to pull the sleigh for Santa Claus or Father Christmas)

Santa Claus

an imaginary being who brings presents for children on the night before Christmas Day (also known as Father Christmas) – traditionally an old man with a red suit and white beard (Santa Claus may be based in part on the historical figure of Saint Nicholas.)

Shepherd

a person who looks after sheep

 

Sleigh

 

a sledge or light cart on runners pulled by horses or reindeer over snow and ice

 

Snow

 

water vapour from the sky that falls as white flakes and covers the ground

Star

a bright point in the night sky which is a large, distant incandescent body like the sun

 

 

Tinsel

a decoration consisting of thin strips of shiny metal foil, traditionally used at Christmas

Turkey

a bird like a large chicken, traditionally eaten at Christmas

White Christmas

a Christmas with snow on the ground

Xmas

abbreviation or informal term for Christmas